Sun

25

Sep

2011

Intro to Persian Literature (Levy, 1969)

Was in the Cornell OLIN library this weekend again, and see this book. At the back, it listed 23 Persian literature authors: (originally an alphabetical list, my numbering based on death dates given)

 

1. Rudaki, Jafar ibn Muhammand (d.940/1) - first to produce good Persian poetry

2. Balami (d.996) - translator of Tabari's history (even I have heard of him, typically I would not include translators as major authors - might be my bias!)

3. Firdausi (d.1020) - Shanamah

4.  Abu Said ibn Abul-Khair (d.1049) - early rubaiyat of mystical content

5. Gurgani (active 1040-1054) - poetic romance

6. Asadi of Tus (active 1064-66) - dictionary, epic

7. Hujwiri (d.~1070) - [writer of first Persian-language Sufi manual, influential especially in Indian Sufism (e.g. Chistiyya), includes prosographies of prior Sufi saints] - this inclusion causes me to rethink my South Asian Canonical Text list

8. Nasir-i Khusrau of Merv (d.1077) - traveler, skeptic, poet, Ismaili; ascribed works include long prose theology/philosophy, divan, travel diary

9. Ansari of Herot (d.1088) - one of the best and oldest composers of Sufi Quatrains (bolded per Levy's comments)

10. Omar Khayyam (d.1123) - mathematician, astrologer-astronomer, famed mystico-philosophical Quatrains / Rubaiyat translated

11. Sanai of Ghazna (d.1131) - mystical poet, forerunner of Attar, Garden of Truth, mathnavis, divan

12. Nizami Arudi of Samaqand (active 1H-12th c.) - poet, Chahar Maqala, [author of Khamsah --that Amir Khusrow imitate -- is another Nizami Ganjavi]

13. Anvari, Auhad al-Din (d.1190) - qasida, eulogist, satirist

14. Khaqani of Shirwan (d.1199)- travel mathnavi

15. Attar, Farid al-Din (d.1220) - Sufi, mathnavis (from this point on, bold are just names I have come across before, thus presumably somewhat important)

16. Rumi (d.1273) - most prolific Sufi poet, mathnavi, divan

17. Juvaini, Ala al-Din Ata (d.1283) - historian

18. Sadi of Shiraz (d.1291) - Bustan, Gulistan, ghazals, qasidas 

19. Iraqi (Fakhr al-Din of Hamadan) (d.1289) - Sufi ecstatic prose / verse

20. Mustaufi, Itard Allah, Qazvina (d.1329/30) - general history, cosmography

21. Hafiz (d. 1389/90) - best known of ghazal writers, last true Sufi poets

22. Jami (d.1492) - Sufi/didactic, divans, mathnavis, essays

23. Davlatshah of Samaqand (active ~1487) - standard biographical dictionary of poets

 

 

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