Sun

11

Dec

2011

New Cambridge History of Islam - Vol 3 - SE Asia

I got my own copy of this book, and has finished the 3 chapters regarding Islam in South-East Asia. Related to the potentially canonical texts, below are some notes:

 

Malay / Sumatra 

- Hamzah Fansuri - Sumatran - - Qadiriyya- died in Mecca in 1527 - Malay mystical poet - verse genre called syair

- Syair Bidasari - poetic romance

- Syair Bahr al-Nisa - anonymous - Aceh in late 16th or early 17th c.

- Hikayat Tanah Hitu - Malay Muslim chronical concerning 2H-16th c.

- Sejarah Melayu, Kikayat Raja Pasai - written in Jawi script - literary chronicles - prose hikayat genre - earliest surviving hikayat samples are Persian adaptations

- Malay legal digests - genre undang-undang

- Shams al-Din al-Sumatrani al-Pasai - d. 1630 - Maylay / Arabic - mystical monism influenced by Naqshbandi order - Malay catechism of 1601, Mirat al-Mumin - Nur al-Daqaiq, one of earliest Malay exposition of seven grade emanationist cosmology developed by al-Burhanpuri -

- Nur al-Din al-Raniri - Gujarati born - Aceh - criticizes wahdat al-wujud "unity of Being" - discredits Hamza Fansuri and Shams al-Din - Arabic intra-Sufi polemics works Hujjat al-siddiq li dafal-zindiq, Tibyan fimaarifatal-adyan - Malay works became standard references - greatest longevity is  fiqh work Sirat al-Mustaqim - fell from power / back to Gujarat in 1643

- Sayf al-Rijal - Minangkabau disciple of executed Shaykh Jamal al-Din, attacked views of al-Raniri

- Shaykh Abd al-Rauf al-Singkili - Aceh's most beloved Sufi master -  b. ~1617, studied in Arabia, returned to Aceh in 1660 - d. 1693 - wrote in Malay and Arabic - most significant Malay Quranic exegesis Tarjuman al-mustafid (based upon works of two Egyptian scholars of the 16th c. - Malay Sufi treatise Daqaiq-Huruf - also wrote on hadith and fiqh - Mirat al-tullab fi tashil marifat al-ahkam al-Shariyya lil-malik al-wahhab, argue for legitimacy of female as head of state -  sought sharia/Sufi (Shafii/ ibn Arabi) synthesis - Sufi disciples include Shaykh Burhan al-Din (d. 1692), Tok Pulau Manis (d. ~1736), Abd al-Muhyi of Bantan, Baba Daud b. Ismail al-Rumi

- Saihab al-Din b. Abd Allah Muhammad - Palembang - three surviving texts - simplified outloines of a Sufi theology - eschews excesses of seven grade system of speculative emanationist cosmology

- Kemas Fakhr al-Din (d. 1763) - Malay translations of Arabic works including Raslan al-Dimashqi's (d.1146) clssic statement of "sober Sufism" Risala fil-tawhid - selections from Arabic historiographical tradition

- Abd al-Samad al-Palimbani (al-Jawi) - most influential SE Asian Sufi scholar active in Arabia - Palembang - never returned to SE Asia - died in Taif - writings carried back to SE Asia - both Malay / Arabic - earliest Malay works on perang sabil (war in the way of God) - best known today for Malay adaptations of al-Ghazali's works entitled Hidayat al-Salikin, Sayr al-Salikin - teacher of Ghazali's Ihya ulum al-din

- Abd Allah b. Abd al-Qahhar - mid-18th c. - Banten - Shattariyya and Naqshbandiyya orders in Mecca - carrying back manuscript of Abd al-Rauf Singkeli's work

- Arshad al-Banjari (d. 1812) - Sabil al-Muhtadin commissioned in 1779 - Malay text of Shafii fiq more accessible than al-Raniri's Sirat al-Mustaqim

- Shaykh Muhammad Nafis b. Idris b. Husayn al-Banjari - al-Durr al-Nafis completed in 1785 - work of Sufi thought - Malay kitab tradition (writen in Arabic script)

- Dawud b. Abd Allah al-Fatani - one of the most prolific early masters of Malay kitab tradition - enjoy some of the most widespread and long-lasting popularity in peasantren circles - d. ~1840s - younger colleague and cohort of Abd al-Samad in Arabia - influential works on fiqh, tasawwuf, kalam

- Shaykh Ahmad Khatib Sambas - 19th c. - born in Kalimantan - spent most of his life at Mecca - played formative role in systematisation of a new Sufi order combining elements from Qadiriyya and Naqshbandi traditions

 

Java 

- Nine wali sanga- Sufi saints who converted Java - Sunan Kalijaga (Javanese)

- Ki Pandan Arang - Sunan Kalijaga's disciple, also known as Sunan Tembayat

- Siti Jenar (Sufi martyr like al-Hallaj, killed by Sunan Kalijaga) - not certain whether he is historical figure or not

- Menak epic narratives on Prophet's kinsman Amir Hamza

- Serat Anbiya, Tapel Adam - adaptations of Malay narratives of "stories of prophets"

- Serat Yusup - 17th to early 19th c. commissioned by various Javanese sultans

- Pangeran Pekik - literary skills in incorporating the new Muslim knowledge into acceptable Javanese poetry

- adapted treatises of contemporary South Asian Sufi Muhammad b. Fadl Allah al-Burhanpuri (d. 1620) into Javanese verse rendering - seven grade model of Sufi cosmology

- early 18th c. - sponsored Javanese works: Carita Sultan Iskandar, Carita Nabi Yusuf, Kitab Usulbiyah

- Serat Cabolek - Javanese Sufi literature - referred to Old Javanese 'Hindu' texts such as the Bhima Suci

- Babad Tanah Jawi - 18th century Mataram historical epic

- Raden Ngabehi Yasadipura I (d. 1803) - celebrated court poet - modern Javanese verse renderings of Menak stories - guide for rulers entitled Taj al-Salatin - collection of narratives of the lives of the prophets from Adam to Muhammad - (symbolic of Javanese "mystic synthesis")

- other later court poets: Yasadipura II, Ronggowarsito

- Serat Centhini - early 19th c. Javanese

 

South Sulawesi 

- ~1620, Arab sayyid named Jalal al-Din al-Aydid settled in Makassarese

- Muhammad Yusuf al-Maqassari (a.k.a. Shaykh Yusuf, c. 1627-1699) - from South Sulawesi - Jalal al-Din's student - sufi - Qadiriyya, Naqshbandiyya, Shattariyya, Khalwatiyya tariqa - 2 decades in Middle East - back to Banten - Sufi manual Zubdat al-asrar fi tahqiq bad masharib al-akhyar in Arabic - captured by Dutch, exciled first to Sri Lanka and then South Africa

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