Sun

26

May

2013

Brazilian Literature - CHLAL - Merquior

I read J.G. Merquior's essay "The Brazilian and the Spanish American literary traditions: a constrastive view" - in this 20 page essay, the author threw out lots of names. Before is the list for the Brazilian authors (writing in Portuguese I assume). Names with x at the end are somewhat important authors (and/or those highlighted in the Introduction to Volume 3). Names with xx are literary leaders of their generation.

Pero Vaz de Caminha's letters Prose  
Pero de Magalhaes Gandavo (fl. 1570): Historia (1576) Prose  
Manuel da Nobrega (1517-1570): Dialogo sobre a conversao do gentio (1577) Prose  
Jose de Anchieta (1534-1597) Prose  
Bento Teixeira (1564?-?): Prosopopeia (printed no earlier than 1601) Epic  
Ambrosia Brandao's Grandezas do Brasil (1618) Prose  
Francisco Rodrigues Lobo (1580?-1622?): Corte na aldeia (1619) Lyric poetry  
Vicente do Salvador (1564-1636?): first general history of Brazil History  
Antonio Vieira (1608-1697) Prose  
Gregorio de Matos (1623?-1696): religious poems, satirical and erotic pieces Poetry  
Botelho de Oliveira (1636-1711): Musica do Parnaso (1705) Poetry  
Andre Joao Antonil (1650-1721?): Cultura e opulencia do Brasil por suas drogas e minas (1711) Prose  
Claudio Manuel da Costa (1729-1789) Lyric poetry  
Jose Basilio da Gama (1741-1795): O Uraguai (1769) Lyric/Epic poetry  
Tomas Antonio Gonzaga (1744-1810?) Lyric poetry  
Manuel Inacio da Silva Alverenga (1749-1814) Lyric poetry  
Antonio Pereira de Sousa Caldas (1762-1814) Lyric poetry  
Francisco de Monte Alverne (1784-1859) oratory  
Manuel Jose de Araujo Porto Alegre (1806-1879) Lyric poetry  
Domingo Jose Goncalves de Magalhaes (1811-1882): launched Romanticism in Paris (1836) Lyric poetry  
Luis Carlos Martins Pena (1815-1848) Drama  
Antonio Goncalves Dias (1823-1864): "I-Juca-Pirama" (1851): "simply the best poem, in the strong poematic sense, produced in Poruguese during the whole of the 19th c." Lyric poetry xx
Manuel Antonio Alvares de Azevedo (1831-1852) Lyric poetry  
Manuel Antonio de Almeida (1831-61): Memorias de um sargento de milicias (1854-55) Novel x
Jose de Alencar (1829-1877): O guarani (1857); Iracema (1865); treatise on representative government Novel xx
Casimiro de Abreu (1839-1860) Lyric poetry  
Luis Nicolau Fagundes Varela (1841-1875) Lyric poetry  
Joao Franklin da Silveira Tavora (1842-1888) Lyric poetry  
Tobias Barreto (1839-1889) Prose/verse  
Joaquim Nabuco (1849-1910) Prose  
Rui Barbosa (1849-1923) Prose  
Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis (1839-1908) Novel xx
Aluisio Azevedo (1857-1913): O mulato (1881) Novel x
Alberto de Oliveira (1857-1937) Lyric poetry  
Olavo Bilac (1865-1918): Poesias (1888); Tarde (1919) Lyric poetry  
Raul Pompeia (1863-1895): O Ateneu (1888) Novel  
Joao da Cruz e Sousa (1861-1898) Lyric poetry x
Jose Pereira da Graca Aranha (1868-1931) Novel x
Euclides da Cunha (1866-1909): Os sertoes (1902) Novel xx
Augusto dos Anjos (1884-1914): Eu (1912) Lyric Poetry x
Manuel Bandeira (1886-1968) Lyric Poetry x
Afonso Henriques de Lima Barreto (1811-1922) Novel x
Cornelio Pena (1896-1958) Novel  
Mario de Andrade (1893-1945): Macunaima (1928) Mixed genre xx
Frederico Schmidt (1906-1965): Passaro cego (1930) Lyric Poetry  
Gilberto Freyre (1900-1987) Prose x
Murilo Mendes (1901-1975) Lyric Poetry  
Oswald de Andrade (1894-1954): Serafim Ponte Grande (1933) Novel x
Pedro Nava (1903-1984) Prose  
Graciliano Ramos (1892-1952): Vidas secas (1938) Novel xx
Cecilia Meireles (1901-1964): Viagem (1939) Lyric Poetry  
Carlos Drummond de Andrade (1902-1987): Sentimentodo mundo (1940); A rosa do povo (1945); Claro enigma (1951) Lyric Poetry xx
Dinah Silveira de Queiroz (1910-1983) Novel  
Nelson Rodrigues (1912-1980) Drama  
Jose Lins do Rego (1901-1957): Fogo morto (1943) Novel x
Lucio Cardoso (b.1913) Novel  
Vincius de Moracs (1913-1980) Lyric Poetry  
Adonias Filho (b. 1915) Novel  
Jose J. Veiga (b. 1915) Novel  
Guiherme Figueiredo (b. 1915) Drama  
Joao Cabral de Melo Neto (b. 1920): Psicologia da composicao (1947); Uma faca so lamina (1956); O rio (1954) Lyric Poetry xx
Mario Chamie Lyric Poetry  
Jorge de Lima (1895-1953): Invencao de Orfeu (1952) Lyric Poetry x
Jorge Andrade(1922-1984) Drama  
Lygia Fagundes Telles (b. 1923) Novel  
Ledo Ivo (b.1924) Lyric Poetry  
Dalton Trevisan (b. 1925) Novel  
Marly de Oliveira Lyric Poetry  
Rubem Fonseca (b. 1925) Short Story  
Autran Dourado (b. 1926) Novel  
Joao Guimaraes Rosa (1908-1967): Corpo de baile (1956); Grande sertao: veredas (1956) Novel xx
Ariano Suassuna (b. 1927) Drama  
Jorge Amado (b. 1912): Gabriela, cravo e canela (1958) Novel x
Haroldo de Campos (b. 1929) Lyric Poetry  
Clarice Lispector (1925-1977): Lacos de familiar (1960) Novel x
Augusto de Campos (b. 1931) Lyric Poetry  
Gianfrancesco Guarnieri (b. 1934) Drama  
Antonio Callado: Quarup (1967) Novel  
Moacyr Scliar (b. 1937) Short Story  
Chico Buarque de Holanda (b. 1944) Lyric Poetry  
Cacaso (Antonio Carlos de Brito (b. 1944)) Lyric Poetry  
Caetano Veloso Lyric Poetry  
Ferreira Gullar (b. 1930): Poema sujo (1975) Lyric Poetry  
Affonso Romano de Sant'Anna Lyric Poetry  
Francisco Alvim Lyric Poetry  
Chacal Lyric Poetry  
Heloisa Buarque de Holanda Critic  
Jorge Mautner Lyric Poetry  
Paulo Leminski Lyric Poetry  
Ignacio de Loyola Brandao: "tougher"; Zero (1975) Lyric Poetry  
Raduan Nassar (b. 1935): Lavoura arcaica (1975) Novel  
Fernando Gabeira Prose  
Darcy Ribeir: Maira (1976) Novel  
Marcio Souza: "feuilleton";Galvez, Imperador do Acre (1977) Lyric Poetry  
Nelida Pinon (b. 1936): A republica dos sonhos (1984) Novel x
Joao Ubaldo Ribeiro (b. 1940): Viva o povo brasileiro (1984) Novel  
Ruth Villela: Beira vida (1989) Lyric Poetry  
Pedro Paulo Sena Madureira: Rumor de facas (1989) Lyric Poetry  

If we take ~33 years to be one generation, then major authors identified in started with Goncalves Diaz (b. 1823) and ends with Nelida Pinon (b. 1936) - and even the latter seems to be mentioned in the Introduction because she was one of the few female authors. Excluding her the list ends with Clarice Lispector (b. 1925, the foremost female author in the tradition). Altogether there are just 3-4 generations of key authors.

 

b. 1820-30s: Goncalves Dias (poet), Alencar (novelist), Machado (novelist)

b. 1860s: Euclides da Cunha (novelist)

b. 1890-1900s: Mario de Andrade (multiple genres), Graciliano Ramos (novelist), Drummond (poet), Guimaraes Rosa (novelist)

b. 1920s: Cabral (poet)

 

For Portuguese-language literature, it seems that after the Lusiads in the next version of the list I should consider including Machado de Assis. 

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