Sun

26

May

2013

Spanish American Literature - CHLAL Vol 3 - Merquior

Here is the list of Spanish American authors given in the last chapter of Cambridge History of Latin American Literature Vol 3. The focus of the essay is compare Spanish American literature with Brazilian literature - so the focus of coverage of Spanish American writers could be skewed - for example, for the the early part of the list before 1850, really that wasn't too much in Brazilian to compare, thus only the most important authors were named. Named with "x" on the right are the more important authors.

Columbus's letters Spain Prose  
Bartolome de Las Casas (1474-1566) Spain History x
Alonso de Ercilla (1534-1594): La Araucana (1569)   Epic  
El Inca Garcilaso de la Vega (1539-1616): Commentarios reales (1609)   History x
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz (1648-1695): Primero sueno Mexico Poetry x
Andrew Bello (1781-1865) Venezuela Lyric poetry x
Esteban Echeverria (1805-1851): "Elvira" (1832), "La cautiva" (1837); Fondo y forma de las obras de imaginacion (posthumous, theorist); El matadero (novella, 1839-40); El dogma socialista (essay, 1846) Argentina Multi-genre x
Domingo Faustino Sarimiento (1811-1888): Facundo (1845) Argentina Lyric poetry x
Antonio de Castro Alves (1847-1871): "O navio negreiro" (1868)   Lyric potery x
Jose Hernandez (1834-1886): Martin Fierro (1872 and 1879) Paraguay? Argentina? (Gaucho) Epic  
Juan Zorrilla de San Martin: Tabare (1879, published 1888)   Novel  
Ruben Dario (1867-1916): Azul (1888); Cantos de vida y esperanza (1905) Nicaragua Lyric poetry x
Manuel Gutierrez Najera (1859-1895) Mexico Lyric poetry  
Jose Marti (1853-1895): Versos sencillos (1891) Cuba Lyric poetry  
Amado Nervo (1870-1919) Mexico Lyric poetry  
Jose Enrique Rodo (1871-1917): Ariel (1900) Uraguay Prose x
Jose Juan Tablada (1871-1945) Mexico Lyric poetry  
Macedonio Fernandez (1874-1952) Argentina? Novel  
Jose Ingenieros (1877-1925) Argentina Prose  
Horacio Quiroga (1878-1937) Argentina? Novel  
Leopoldo Lugones (1874-1938): Lunario sentimental (1909)   Lyric poetry x
Jose Vasconcelos (1881-1959) Mexico? Prose  
Mariano Azuela (1873-1952): Los de abajo (1915) Mexico Novel  
Vicente Huidobro (1893-1948) Argentina Novel x
Alfonso Reyes (1889-1959): Vision de Anahuac (1917) Mexico Prose  
Ramon Lopez Velarde (1888-1921) Mesoamerica Lyric Poetry  
Cesar Vallejo (1892-1938): Trilce (1922); Poemas humanos (1939)   Lyric Poetry x
Jose Eustasio Rivera (1889-1928): La voragine (1924) Colombia Novel  
Raul Haya de la Torre (1895-1981) Peru? Prose  
Ricardo Guiraldes (1886-1937): Don Segundo Sombra (1926) Argentina? Novel  
Roberto Arlt (1900-1942): Los siete locos (1929) Argentina? Novel  
Romulo Gallegos (1884-1969): Dona Barbara (1929) Venezuela Novel  
Nicolas Guillen (b. 1902) Cuba Lyric Poetry  
Xavier Villaurrutia (1903-1950) Mexico Lyric Poetry  
Pablo Neruda (1904-1973)   Lyric Poetry x
Alejo Carpentier (1904-1980) Carribean Novel x
Eduardo Mallea (1903-1982): Historia de una pasion argentina (1937) Argentina Prose  
Juan Carlos Onetti (b. 1909) Uraguay Novel  
Jose Lezama Lima (1912-1977)   Novel  
Borges: Fervor de Buenos Aires (1923); Elogio de la sombra (1969) Argentina Mixed genre x
Nicanor Parra (b. 1914) Chile Lyric Poetry  
Miguel Angel Asturias (1899-1974): El senor presidente (1946)   Novel  
Julio Cortazar (1916-1984) Argentina Novel x
Leopoldo Marechal (1900-1970): Adan Buenosayres (1948) Argentina Novel  
Juan Rulfo (b. 1918)   Novel  
Mario Benedetti (b. 1920) Uraguay Novel  
Octavio Paz (b. 1914): "Piedra de sol" (1957); Blanco (1967); El arco y la lira (essay, 1957); El laberinto de la soledad (1950); Posdata (1970) Mexico Lyric Poetry / essayist x
Ernesto Cardenal (b. 1925) Nicaragua Lyric Poetry  
Ernesto Sabato (b. 1911): Sobre heroes y tumbas (1961) Uraguay Novel  
Guillermo Cabrera Infante (b. 1929): Tres tristes tigres (1963)   Novel  
Mario Vargas Llosa (b. 1936): La casa verde (1966); La guerra del fin del mundo (1981) Venezuela Novel x
Gabriel Garcia Marquez (b. 1928): Cien anos de soledad (1967) Colombia Novel x
Manuel Puig (b. 1939): La traicion de Rita Hayworth (1968)   Novel  
Emir Rodriguez Monegal: founded journal Mundo Nuevo in Paris   Critic  
Jose Joaquin Blanco: Cronica de la poesia mexicana (1977) Mexico Critic  

Generational analysis of important authors:

 

b. 17th c.: Sor Juana

b. 1780s: Andrew Bello

b. 1800s-1810s: Esteban Echeverria (multiple genres, Argentine), Sarimiento (Argentine poet)

b. 1840s: Antonio de Castro Alves (poet)

b. 1860-70s: Dario (Nicaraguan poet), Rodo (Uraguay novelist), Lugones (poet)

b. 1890-1910s: Vallejo (poet), Huidobro (Argentine novelist), Borges (Argentine, multiple genres), Neruda (poet), Carpentier (Caribbean novelist) 

b. 1910-20s ("Boom"): Paz (Mexican poet / prose), Cortazar (Argentine novelist), Marquez (Columbian novelist)

b. after 1930s: Mario Varga Llosa (Venezuelan novelist)

 

In a way, Sor Juana is a "re-discovered" pioneer (by Paz) ... other than her, Sarimiento, Dario, Rodo, and the "triangle" of Huidobro-Vallejo-Neruda are key before Borges (recognized late) and the Boom generation with Marquez at the summitof international recognition. These bolded names kind of make up a Top 10 names of Spanish American literature. But since my primary concerns are before 1900s (or at the latest before 1920s - theory being that without something like 3 generations it is unclear how literary fame settles), then I am left with a shorter list wtih Sor Juana, Sarimiento, Dario and Rodo.

Comments: 0 (Discussion closed)
    There are no comments yet.