|13.||Wang Bi's Works||Philosophy||Chinese|
|Author:||Wang Bi (226-249A.D.)|
240-249A.D.; collected into one book in 1980
Wang Bi's works include three Commentaries: On
Laozi, On Zhouyi (Book of Changes), and On
Analects (now only in fragments) and two Outlines
(on Laozi and Zhouyi). Wang Bi is the lead
phiosopher for neo-Daoist philosophy (a.k.a.
xuanxue); his Commentaries On Laozi and On
Zhouyi are the most authoritative, to the extent
that the "standard texts" of Laozi and Zhouyi are
transmitted through his Commentaries. Zhouyi, is
the first of the Confucian Five Classics; Laozi, a.k.a.
Daodejing, is the foundational text of Daosim. And
yes, Wang Bi died when he was 24 years old.
Final version by early 325A.D.
Authoritative history of the early Church till time of
Constantine; texts serve as basis of most medieval
|Author:||St. Augustine (354-430A.D.)|
400-after 420A.D. (per Edmund Hill)
St. Augustine is the most influential Church father in
the Latin Church. Among the early fathers, Origen was
ultimately not decided to be orthodox; the
equivalent of St. Augustine in the Greek Church is taken
by the three Cappadocian fathers and thus not
selected, with some regret. St. Augustine's
Confessions and On City of God are more famous,
but I feel a leading father's direct work on the theology
of Trinity would allow modern readers the best
opportunity to understand the distinctiveness of
Christian vs. other monotheistic theologies.
|Author:||Kalidasa (active around 400A.D.; 370-450A.D. perhaps)|
Assumed 1st half of 5th century A.D.
Kalidasa is considered the greatest classical
Sanskrit author whose works includes plays, lyric
poems and epic poetry. Shakuntala is selected as it
is the most famous work of Kalidasa (at least in
English), and as Indian poetry is already well-
represented by Mahabharata.
Zhiyi (538-598A.D. - per records he died in early
598A.D. in Chinese calendar 597/598, thus many
sources have his death year as 597A.D.)
Zhiyi is the founder of Tiantai sect - the first
Chinese Buddhist sect (which clearly
influences other sects like Huayan sect) and
the only text-focused sect that sees multiple great
masters emerging at different ages. Its
Japanese offshoot (Tendai) is the most
influential in Japan (from which all the
Kamakura-era new Buddhist sect-founders
arose). While his Fahua Xuanyi or Mohe
Zhiguan are more famous, we select his
Commentaries on Vimalakirti Sutra (which in
later history is transmitted as two books)
because it is his self-authored work and
his last work. This selection would also allow
Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra, an early Mahanyana
sutra in drama-style (the more famous Lotus
Sutra is probably a later example) which is also
fundamental to Chan Sect, to be included in the
|18.||Quran||Religious / Foundational Classics||Islamic|
|Author:||Recited through Muhammed (~570-632A.D.)|
Recitations from 610-632A.D.
Quran considered to be God's miracle. Many branches of
Islamic learnings focused around this foundational text.